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Flash Point Test

Coatings & Industry > Coatings Physical properties > Flash Point

Flash Point Determination:

The flash point of a material is defined as the lowest temperature that vapour from the material can be ignited by a flame or spark. It is one of the properties which can be used to assess any potential fire hazard associated with manufacture, transport, storage and use. Another important and related property is combustibility.
Source : http://www.pra-world.com/technical_services/laboratory/testing/in_can#iso3679

Combustibility Determination:
Combustibility is one of the properties which can be used to assess any potential fire hazard associated with manufacture, transport, storage and use. Another important and related property is flash point.
For the purposes of the Regulations, a product is judged to support combustion if it can be ignited and then continues to burn for 15 seconds after the flame is removed.
Source : http://www.pra-world.com/technical_services/laboratory/testing/in_can#bs3900a11

For flashpoint testing the closed cup test is used.
For combustibility testing the open cup tester is used.

Closed cup testers normally give lower values for the flash point than open cup (typically 5–10 °C lower) and are a better approximation to the temperature at which the vapour pressure reaches the lower flammable limit.   (wikipedia)


SETAFLASH SERIES 3 CLOSED CUP TESTER

The original Setaflash Series 3 tester.
The 30000-0, without the temperature ramp mode, is a simple to use, reliable and cost effective instrument  that is to be found in laboratories, refineries, storage and transport facilities world-wide.

SUPPLIED WITH: 2ml syringe, mains lead and instruction manual.

For close-to-ambient tests the sample cup requires cooling with 13870-0 Seta Coolant Module.



Seta Part No:

30000-0 SETAFLASH 'SERIES 3' CLOSED CUP TESTER

Temperature Range:

Ambient to 300°C

Cup Material:

Aluminium

Test Modes:

Rapid Equilibrium

Sample Size:

2ml for flash points up to 100°C

 

4ml for flash points above 100°C

Test Duration, Rapid Equilibrium Mode:

1 minute below 100°C.
2 minutes above 100°C

Heating and Cooling System:

Cartridge heater

Power:

200W (maximum)

Voltage:

110/120V or 220/240V, 50/60Hz switchable 12Vdc with
optional adaptor

Gas Supply:

Laboratory gas, 3kPa (0.44psi) maximum pressure or
Butane from optional Portable Gas Tank 13667-0

Size (HxWxD):

26 x 28 x 26cm

Weight:

4 kg

ASTM D3278; D3828; E502; IP 303 (obs); IP 523; IP 524; ISO DIN 3679; ISO 3680; BS EN 456; BS 3900 Part A13; BS 6664 Parts 3 & 4; CHIPS Regulations; EPA    1020  A & B;
UN Class 3 Non-viscous Flammable Liquids; Classification of Dangerous Goods for Carriage: Viscous and Non Viscous Liquids

•   Flash point test in less than 2 minutes
•   Small sample size - 2 or 4ml
•   Ambient to 300°C temperature range
•   Cost effective
•   Portable operation
•   Simple calibration



33000-0 SETAFLASH SERIES 3 PLUS CLOSED CUP TESTER

33000-0 Setaflash 3 is an easy to use instrument that can complete a flash/no-flash test in less than two minutes, or determine the flash point of a sample within a temperature range of 0to300°C in typically 8 minutes.
All functions are accessed via a two button keypad and the Seta Multifunctional And Rotational Test (SMART) control feature.
The digital display shows test parameters, instrument status, and the test result.
An audible prompt is sounded when an action is required from the operator.
An automatic flash detector reduces the chance of mis-interpretation of the test result by the operator, and enhances repeatability.
The temperature ramp mode allows rapid determination of the flash point of a sample in accordance with ASTM D7236 and IP 534. The cup is heated at a rate of 2°C per minute from the start temperature.
An audible prompt to carry out a flash test occurs every 1°C rise up to 100°C, every 2°C rise over 100°C.
For safety purposes, if no flash is detected when the temperature reaches 40°C above the start temperature, the flash tester automatically terminates the test. A new higher start temperature would have to be entered and the test started again.
Gas for the test jet/shutter assembly is supplied from an integral gas tank, which is filled using a standard butane (lighter) refill cartridge.
The instrument is lightweight and suitable for mobile use when operated from the optional 12 volt power supply adaptor.

SUPPLIED WITH: 2ml syringe, ignitor, mains lead and instruction manual.

Note: For close-to-ambient tests the sample cup requires cooling with 13870-0 Seta Coolant Module.

ASTM D3278; D3828; D7236; E502; IP 303 (obs); IP 523; IP 524; IP 534; ISO DIN 3679; ISO 3680; BS EN 456; BS 3900 Part A13; BS 6664 Parts 3 & 4; UN Class 3  Non-viscous Flammable Liquids; CHIPS Regulations; EPA 1020 A & B; Classification of Dangerous Goods for Carriage: Viscous and Non Viscous Liquids

•    Ramp mode for ASTM D7236& IP 534
•    Flash point test in less than 2 minutes
•    Small sample size - 2 or 4ml
•   Ambient to 300°C temperature range
•   Automatic flash detection
•   Audible and on-screen prompts
•    Portable operation
•    Simple calibration

Seta Part No:

33000-0

Heating and Cooling System:

Cartridge heater

Cup Material:

Aluminium

Power:

200W (maximum)

Temperature Range:

Ambient to 300°C
(0 to 300°C with 13870-0)

Voltage:

110/120V or 220/240V, 50/60Hz (switchable)
12Vdc with optional adaptor

Test Modes:

Rapid Equilibrium and Ramp

Gas Supply:

Laboratory gas. 3kPa (0.44psi)
maximum pressure or Butane from
optional Portable Gas Tank 13667-0

Sample Size:

2ml for flash points up to 100°C
4ml for flash points above 100°C

Size (HxWxD):

26 x 28 x 26cm

Ramp Rate:

2°C/min ramp

Weight:

4 kg

Test Duration,
Rapid Equilibrium Mode:

1 minute below 100°C.
2 minutes above 100°C,
or user determined 1 to 99 minutes

 


SETAFLASH  SERIES 3  OPEN CUP FLASH POINT TESTER

Test methods specified under UN and IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations, and others, determine whether a liquid sustains combustion when heated and exposed to a flame under specified test conditions. Certain substances classified as Flammable by Closed Cup Flash Point Testing may be reclassified as non-flammable by combustibility testing. This has significant potential cost implications for the packaging, storage and shipping of many substances.

SUPPLIED WITH: 2ml syringe, test flame height gauge, mains lead and instruction manual.


Seta Part No:

31000-0   SETAFLASH SERIES 3 OPEN CUP TESTER

Temperature Range:

Ambient to 300°C

Cup Material:

Blackened Aluminium

Sample Size:

2ml

Test Time:

1 to 99 minutes

Default Values:

1 minute for flash points up to 100°C
2 minutes for flash points between 100 to 300°C

Voltage:

110/120V or 220/240V, 50/60Hz switchable 12Vdc with
optional adaptor

Gas:

integral gas tank filled using a standard
butane (lighter) refill cartridge

Size (HxWxD):

25.6 x 28 x 25.6cm

Weight:

4 kg


ASTM D4206; BS 3900 Part A11; ISO 9038; UN Class 3 Test L. 2; CFR 49-173.120; IATA Dangerous Goods Regs. Section 3.3.5; Health and Safety Comm. Carriage of Dangerous  Goods by Road & Rail App. B



•   Flash point test in less than 2 minute:
•   Small sample size - 2ml
•   Ambient to 300°C temperature range
•   Audible and on-screen prompts
•   Portable operation
•   Simple calibration


FLASH POINT REFERENCE MATERIAL
CANNON Instrument Company can now provide Flash Point Reference Materials for calibrating Flash Point Testers.
The data provided for each standard includes the average flash point for the lot and the standard deviation observed  from 20 tests in 10 different laboratories. Nominal flash points for the various standards are shown in the accompanying table.
The four standards with lower flash points are made from high purity alkane materials, while the two standards with higher flash points are made from narrow distributions of decane oligomers.

  




A total of six different standards are available for the following ASTM methods: ASTM D 56, ASTM D 92, and ASTM D 93.

Flash Point Standards are sold in 200 mL bottles (155 g).

Ref.            Model                Description
9727-A10   FPRM10  200 ml  ASTM D 56 : 50 °C  / ASTM D 93 :  55 °C
9727-A15   FPRM11  200 ml  ASTM D 56 : 66 °C  / ASTM D 93 :  72 °C
9727-A20   FPRM14  200 ml  ASTM D 92 :116 °C  / ASTM D 93 : 113 °C
9727-A25   FPRM16  200 ml  ASTM D 92 :137 °C  / ASTM D 93 : 132 °C
9727-A30   FPRM2D  200 ml  ASTM D 92 :163 °C  / ASTM D 93 : 155 °C
9727-A35   FPRM4D  200 ml  ASTM D 92 :224 °C  / ASTM D 93 : 218 °C
9727-A40   FPRM9D  200 ml   ASTM D 92 :273,8 °C  / ASTM D 93 : 244,1 °C

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